Q: What is dyslexia?

A: Dyslexia is a language based learning disability. Students with dyslexia often experience difficulties with both oral and written language skills, such as writing, and pronouncing words.

Q: What causes dyslexia?

A: Brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a person with dyslexia develops and functions. The results show, that most people with dyslexia have been found to have difficulty with identifying the separate speech sounds within a word. Learning how these letters represent those sounds also plays a key factor in their reading difficulties.

Q: What are the effects of dyslexia?

A: Dyslexia affects each person differently. Not every person has the same severity of dyslexia. The core difficulty is with dyslexia is the difficulty of processing and manipulating sounds. Some individuals with dyslexia manage to learn early reading and spelling tasks, especially with excellent instruction, but later experience their most challenging problems when more complex language skills are required.

Q: Does dyslexia make you any more or less intelligent?

A: Dyslexia occurs in children with all intelligence levels. But it is quite frequent, that dyslexics have above average ability. Dyslexia is not due to either lack of intelligence or desire to learn; with appropriate teaching methods, individuals with dyslexia can learn successfully.

Q: Is there a cure for dyslexia?

A: There is no cure for dyslexia because dyslexia is not considered as an illness. However dyslexia is classified as a learning difference because a lot of students have a harder time in school because of it.

Q: Does dyslexia ever go away?

A: The answer is not really. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life.

Q: How common are language-based learning disabilities?

A: Dyslexia is thought to be one of the most common language-based learning disabilities. It is the most common cause of reading, writing, and spelling difficulties. Of people with reading difficulties, 70-80% are likely to have some form of dyslexia. It is estimated that between 5-10% of the population has dyslexia

Q: How do people “get” dyslexia?

A: Individuals inherit the genetic links for dyslexia. Chances are that one of the child’s parents, grandparents, aunts, or uncles has dyslexia. However, it is important to note that Dyslexia is not a disease. With proper diagnosis, appropriate instruction, hard work, and support from family, teachers, friends, and others, individuals who have dyslexia can succeed in school and later as working adults.

Q: Is dyslexia more frequent for certain people?

A: Dyslexia is found all over the world, and in all socioeconomic and ethnic groups. However, children who attend ineffective schools, often in high poverty areas, are more likely to experience reading failure because of the lack of proper instruction.

Q: Is it possible for dyslexics to learn how to read?

A:Yes learning to read is definitely possible! If children who have dyslexia receive effective training at a young age, they will have significantly fewer problems in learning to read at grade level than children who are not identified or helped until 3rd grade. 74% of the children who are poor readers in 3rd grade remain poor readers in the 9th grade, many because they do not receive the help they need.

Q: Are boys or girls more likely to have dyslexia?

A: It used to be thought that boys are more likely to experience dyslexia than girls. However current research indicates, that dyslexia occurs in equal proportions. One possible explanation of this myth is that boys may be more likely to act out when experiencing difficulty, while girls may try to hide their trouble. Therefore, more boys would be recognized and diagnosed with dyslexia, which would falsely inflate the statistics.

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